Statistics indicate that over 400 million people around the globe are impacted by diabetes. It’s often just referred to as diabetes mellitus, but whatever you call it, it’s a chronic disorder where the body can’t control its levels of glucose or blood sugar.

Basically, this condition is one that results in there being high levels of blood sugar given the inability of the body to produce sufficient insulin, which is a hormone the pancreas secrets and is indispensable for cells in the body, to take in glucose for conversion into energy.

diabetes

Diabetes

Those Who Are Vulnerable

The groups most vulnerable include adults past the age of 45, obese people, physically inactive people, anyone with diabetes in their family history, and those of Hispanic, African, or Native American descent.

In actuality, Native American populations show the highest rates of the disease across the globe. In terms of gender, women are more likely to be prone to it.

Kinds Of Diabetes

Diabetes is something that can be categorized into three different types:

Type 1

In this case, it’s a type of autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the pancreas cells responsible for insulin production. As a consequence, the pancreas will either secrete very little insulin or even none at all. In fact, someone with type 1 diabetes eventually has to take insulin every day.

Even though this can impact a person of any age, it’s most commonly seen in either kids or young adults. The symptoms can include:

  • Increased hunger and thirst
  • Increased frequency in urination
  • Loss of weight
  • Fatigue
  • Vision that is blurred

If it goes undiagnosed at a relatively early stage, this condition can become life-threatening, sometimes leading to a condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis.

Type 1 diabetes has no cure, but there is treatment.

Type 2

As compared to type 1, this version of diabetes might produce sufficient insulin, although it might be characterized by insulin resistance, which is a condition where the body isn’t able to properly use its own insulin for unknown reasons. Over time, the pancreas production of insulin might go down.

Type 2 often proves to be the most frequently seen kind of diabetes. Factors that impact it are a family history of the disease, ethnicity, and obesity. Signs and symptoms typically develop over time, including:

  • Increased thirst
  • More frequent urination
  • Slower healing of wounds and cuts
  • Frequent infections
  • Nausea

Information about type 2 can get really misleading. It wasn’t that long ago that many believed this condition couldn’t be reversed. However, by 2013, many nutrition scientists have put in years looking for a cure for this, and they all came to an identical conclusion, in that curing type 2 diabetes was indeed possible.

A number of experts believe that by 2040, 1 out of every 8 people will have some form of diabetes. That will be around 1.2 billion people around the world suffering from a form of this disease.

Gestational

This kind of diabetes is usually temporary and commonly happens during pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes is a kind where the body isn’t producing sufficient volumes of insulin in order to regulate sugar over the course of pregnancy. It might be called carbohydrate intolerance or glucose intolerance.

Any woman who has a history of gestational diabetes will have a 2 to 9 percent chance of having type 2 happen in later life.

Diagnostic Tests

In order to detect the presence of diabetes, there is a measurement of the glucose that is present within the blood; this is done at least 8 hours after a patient last had food. It can also get diagnosed using an oral glucose tolerance test where the glucose level of a patient’s blood gets measured both before and after they’re given a particular amount of sugar.

There’s another test that, at the time of writing, was in the process of development; it’s supposed to identify particular antibodies that are only present in diabetics. Once developed, the test should be able to identify diabetes rather early, reducing the risks of complications.

Treatment And Management

Living with this can be complex, particularly for those that might have type 1 diabetes. On the other hand, with the right lifestyle changes and appropriate medical attention, anyone suffering from type 1 diabetes might still go on to lead a normal life.

Among the many treatment options that are available for type 1 diabetics include:

  • Insulin pumps
  • Insulin treatment
  • Transplants
  • Oral medications
  • Alternative medicines

Alternatively, anyone with type 2 diabetes has a better chance of beating the disease.

The initial step in the management of type 2 diabetes is staying within an ideal level of weight. Eating a properly balanced diet and also getting enough exercise proves very important here.

A combination of medication and a good lifestyle does wonders for anyone suffering from type 2 diabetes.

As always with health and medical matters, consult your doctor before you use this or any other information.

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